DOG VACCINE GUIDE (Canine)
Making sure your puppy gets a complete vaccine series is vital. Once these little ones are no longer nursing, about 6 weeks of age, they become high risk candidates for viral infections....Like our children, it is very important that we build up antibodies in their immune system so they can fight off infections they may come into contact with!
Adult dogs need to continue scheduled vaccines to be sure their immune system can keep fighting off infections.
DHPP VACCINE @ 6-8 WEEKS AND EVERY 3 WEEKS TIL 16 WEEKS - THEN YEARLY
Parvovirus: animal or object that comes in contact with an infected dog's feces. Highly resistant, the virus can live in the environment for months, and may survive on inanimate objects such as food bowls, shoes, clothes, carpet and floors. An aggressive disease that attacks the immune system and cells lining the intestines, causing serious, often fatal, vomiting and diarrhoea. Young unvaccinated pups are especially susceptible.
Parainfluenza: Canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV) is a highly contagious and excreted from the respiratory tract of infected animals respiratory virus. One of the most common pathogens of infectious tracheobronchitis, also known as canine cough. Although the respiratory signs may resemble those of canine influenza, they are unrelated viruses and require different vaccines for protection.
Canine Distemper: This virus attacks the gut, lungs and nervous system and is usually fatal. Spread by discharges form the nose and eyes of infected dogs.
Canine Hepatitis: This virus rapidly attacks the liver, lungs, kidneys and eyes. Many cases are fatal but some dogs can recover. Caused by Adenovirus Type 1 and transmitted by secretions.
RABIES:@ 12 WEEKS ..BOOSTER IN 1 YEAR…THEN EVERY 3 YEARS
Rabies: vaccine is required by law in the USA because rabies is a fatal disease that can be transmitted to humans and has no cure. Incurable disease that affects the central nervous system. It is spread through contact with the saliva of infected animals.
If you take your pet to
day care, grooming/boarding facilities or dog parks
the following vaccines are recommended
BORDETELLA ORAL VACCINE @ 10 WEEKS… THEN YEARLY
Bordetella:(kennel cough) Contagious: Bacteria or virus particles are inhaled and cause respirtory disease in dogs.
LEPTOSPIROSIS @ 6 WEEKS OF AGE..BOOSTER IN 3 WEEKS..THEN YEARLY
A bacterial disease of dogs and other mammals that primarily affects the liver or kidneys.the organism thrives in water. Animals become infected by drinking, swimming or walking through water contaminated with the bacteria or by direct contact with contaminated urine,water or soil. Leptospira bacteria are carried mainly by rats and other rodents, but can also be carried by almost any mammalian species, including people.
CANINE INFLUENZA VACCINE @10 WEEKS..BOOSTER IN 3 WEEKS..THEN YEARLY
Canine influenza virus: Contagious: Transmitted through droplets or aerosols containing respiratory secretions from coughing, barking and sneezing.(CIV) causes a respiratory infection in dogs.
Why do puppies require a series of vaccinations?
Very young animals are highly susceptible to infectious disease because their immune system is not yet fully mature. They receive protection through antibodies in their mother’s milk, but the protection is not long-lasting and there may be gaps in protection as the milk antibodies decrease and their immune system is still maturing.
In many instances, the first dose of a vaccine serves to prime the animal’s immune system against the virus or bacteria while subsequent doses help further stimulate the immune system to produce the important antibodies needed to protect an animal from diseases.
To provide optimal protection against disease in the first few months of life, a series of vaccinations are scheduled, usually 3-4 weeks apart. For most puppies the final vaccination in the series is administered at about 4 months of age.
Puppies won’t be protected until 16 weeks of age which is when their own immune system is mature enough to take over. That’s why a series of boosters are recommended during the period when Mom’s protection fades while puppies mature.
Remember that an incomplete series of vaccinations may lead to incomplete protection, making puppies vulnerable to infection.